A green building is any building that is sited, designed, constructed, operated, and maintained for the health and well-being of the occupants while minimizing impact on the environment.
building construction refers to those practices that promote occupant
health and comfort while minimizing negative impacts on the
environment. There are different degrees of “greenness.” Often it
is necessary to strike a balance between many different sometimes
conflicting “green” options based on the particular conditions of
a given project. For example, proper strategy for a sustainable
project may differ from that of new construction design.
Green building practices offer an opportunity to create environmentally sound and resource-efficient buildings by using an integrated approach to design. Green buildings promote resource conservation by including design features, such as: energy efficiency, use of renewable energy, and water conservation.
By promoting resource conservation, green building design creates healthy and comfortable environments, reduces operation and maintenance costs, considers environmental impact of building construction and retrofit, and concentrates on waste minimization.
In the interim, green building design addresses such issues as historical preservation and access to public transportation and other community infrastructure systems. The entire life cycle of the building and its components is considered, as well as the economic and environmental impact and performance.